Olea europaea

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The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found traditionally in the Mediterranean Basin. The species is cultivated in all the countries of the Mediterranean, as well as South America, South Africa, China, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, and the United States. Olea europaea is the type species for the genus Olea.

The olive's fruit, also called an "olive", is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil; it is one of the core ingredients in Mediterranean cuisine. The tree and its fruit give their name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia, and the true ash trees (Fraxinus).

The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8-15 m (26-49 ft) in height. 'Pisciottana', a unique variety comprising 40,000 trees found only in the area around Pisciotta in the Campania region of southern Italy, often exceeds this, with correspondingly large trunk diameters. The silvery green leaves are oblong, measuring 4-10 cm (1.6-3.9 in) long and 1-3 cm (0.39-1.18 in) wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted.

The small, white, feathery flowers, with ten-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens, and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the previous year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves.

The fruit is a small drupe 1-2.5 cm (0.39-0.98 in) long when ripe, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested in the green to purple stage. Canned black olives have often been artificially blackened (see below on processing) and may contain the chemical ferrous gluconate to improve the appearance. Olea europaea contains a seed commonly referred to in American English as a "pit", and in British English as a "stone".

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Olea europaea
200/500 cc - 10/20 cm
2,65 €

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Olea europaea
1/2 L - 20/50 cm
4,24 €

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Olea europaea
2/5 L - 50/100 cm
8,48 €

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Olea europaea
5/10 L - 1.00/1.50 m
12,72 €

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Olea europaea
10/15 L - 1.50/2.00 m
21,20 €

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Olea europaea
15/20 L - PAP 6/8
26,50 €

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Olea europaea
20/40 L - PAP 8/10
31,80 €

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Olea europaea
20/40 L - PAP 10/12
42,40 €

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Olea europaea
20/40 L - PAP 12/14
53,00 €

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Olea europaea
40/70 L - PAP 14/16
74,20 €

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Olea europaea
40/70 L - PAP 16/18
95,40 €

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Olea europaea
40/70 L - PAP 18/20
116,60 €

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Olea europaea
70/90 L - PAP 20/25
137,80 €

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